Ilocos refers to the two provinces: Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur located in the northwestern part of Luzon, referred as Region I or the Ilocos Region. The two provinces are well known in the Philippines because of its Historical and cultural sites, pristine beaches and a well preserved Spanish Colonial city called Vigan.
Ilocos Norte is known as the birthplace of the late President Ferdinand E. Marcos. It is where the the Marcos Museum, the Malacanang of the North, the famous Pagudpud Beach, the Bangui Windmills and the La Paz Sand Dunes is situated while the well known preserved Spanish Colonial City, Vigan is located in Ilocos Sur.
Churches like Paoay Church from Ilocos Norte and Santa Maria Church from Ilocos Sur are recognized as UNESCO world Heritage Sites in the Philippines. The province is engaged in farming, producing food crops- mostly rice, corn, vegetable, root crops and fruits. Non-food crops include tobacco, cotton and tiger grass. Cottage industries include loom weaving, furniture making, jewelry making, ceramics, blacksmithing and food processing.